Prior to 2016, CVAA rules applied only to full-length programming, not “clips.” In January 2016, the rules began to apply to “clips,” with different clips being captioned at different times.
Single Excerpt Clip: Any portion of a longer piece of programming from broadcast television, whether it’s from a show, sporting event, or news broadcast (also known as “direct lift clips” or “straight lift clips”) must be captioned when delivered via IP. Effective January 1, 2016, any single excerpt clip from a prerecorded program captioned on television and delivered to viewers on the internet also must be captioned.
Montage Clip: Any combination of single excerpt clips from the same program, a series, or multiple programs must be captioned. For example, a “best of” or highlight reel could be considered a montage. Effective January 1, 2017, any montage from prerecorded programming captioned on television and subsequently delivered via IP must be captioned.
Near-Live Programming Clips: “Near-live” is content recorded less than 24 hours before it airs on television. Effective July 1, 2017, any clip of a captioned near-live program must be captioned within eight hours of it first being broadcast on TV.
Live Programming: Effective July 1, 2017, any clip of a live program that aired live captioned on television and subsequently delivered via IP must be captioned within 12 hours of it first being broadcast on TV.
Please note there are two important differences between the rules for captioning full-length programs and “clips.”
- The above rules only require clips be captioned on the programmer’s website, not third-party sites. Full-length programming must be captioned no matter where the video is shown.
- The clips rules only apply to programming created after the effective date. There are no “archive” rules, meaning clips that are already online will never have to be captioned, even if the program that clip was lifted from airs on television.